By Ian Miller
This ebook is Open entry less than a CC via license.
It is the 1st monograph-length research of the force-feeding of starvation strikers in English, Irish and northerly Irish prisons. It examines moral debates that arose in the course of the 20th century while governments approved the force-feeding of imprisoned suffragettes, Irish republicans and convict prisoners. It additionally explores the fraught position of criminal medical professionals known as upon to accomplish the method. because the domestic workplace first accredited force-feeding in 1909, a couple of questions were raised in regards to the strategy. Is force-feeding secure? Can it kill? Are medical professionals who feed prisoners opposed to their will forsaking the clinical moral norms in their occupation? And do country our bodies use legal medical professionals to aid take on political dissidence from time to time of political crisis?
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Additional info for A History of Force Feeding: Hunger Strikes, Prisons and Medical Ethics, 1909–1974
52. Leonard S. 353–5. 53. Vladimir Bukovsky, ‘Account of Torture’, in Being Human: President’s Council on Bioethics (Washington D. 218–19. 54. Assistance in Hunger Strikes: A Manual for Physicians and Other Personnel Dealing with Hunger Strikers, trans. Paulien Cooper (Amersfoort: Johannes Wier Foundation, 1995). 55. 104. 56. 481–99. 57. Joe Sim, Medical Power in Prisons: The Prison Medical Service in England 1774–1989 (Milton Keynes and Philadelphia: Open University Press, 1990). 58. 570–80.
In turn, force-feeding provoked an emotional public response rooted in sympathy for those seen as being in unbearable pain. The Home Office stood by its rational argument that prison doctors were simply saving the lives of irrational, suicidal women. Yet many felt horrified at the idea of defenceless women being tortured in penal institutions. … 37 of doctors wilfully inflicting pain on vulnerable female prisoners clashed with the emotional economies of modern, liberal Britain. Critics sought to negotiate the appropriate boundaries of bodily intervention and delineate the point at which medical practice mutated into torture.
ETHICAL DILEMMAS Force-feeding created a pronounced ethical debate widely discussed by doctors, suffragettes, politicians, journalists, and literary figures. Between 1909 and 1914, English prison medicine became a very public affair. Force-feeding raised problems with implications that stretched far beyond the relatively limited confines of arguments for gender equality from which they had emerged. It called into questions the nature of medical practice itself. Indeed, this can be considered one of the key strengths of hunger striking: its ability to challenge the authority of a male-dominated medical profession and state in using medical technologies to quell female political rebellion.
A History of Force Feeding: Hunger Strikes, Prisons and Medical Ethics, 1909–1974 by Ian Miller