Download e-book for iPad: A History of the Church in Africa by Bengt Sundkler

By Bengt Sundkler

ISBN-10: 052158342X

ISBN-13: 9780521583428

В книге об африканских христианских церквях рассматривается полная история развития христианства во всех регионах континента. В отличие от обычного для таких исследований интереса, в основном, к миссионерской деятельности, авторы ставят в центре своего исследования местные африканские особенности христианства. Африканские христиане, обычно занимавшие лучшее положение в обществе, давали иное толкование христианским текстам, прозелитизму, управлению местными конгрегациями и организации независимых церквей. Подчеркивая инициативы африканцев в процессе христианизации, авторы доказывают, что развитие церкви было сформировано африканскими королями и их придворными, историей трудовой миграции и колонизации.Бенгт Сандклер был ведущим специалистом по африканской христианской
Церкви, он также задавал тон в изучении независимых Церквей в Африке. У него была долгая карьера миссионера в Южной Африке и в Танзании, где он стал лютеранским епископом Букобы в Танзании, перед возвращением в
Швецию в качестве профессора истории церкви в Университете Упсалы.
Кристофер Стид был помощником Бенгта Сандклера в данном исследовании, и в настоящее время он преподает африканскую историю в Университете Упсалы.Образцы сканов:

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Extra info for A History of the Church in Africa

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But perhaps a 100 years before the arrival of the of®cial heralds of the new religion, anonymous witnesses had brought the message into the country. Recent excavations have uncovered a Christian church of unbaked brick from a period well before AD 543, and ®nds of pottery and oil lamps with the Christian cross and other symbols, also before that date, testify to some Christian activity which `readily made converts among the poor'. Just as later on, in other parts of the continent religious ideas were carried by anonymous witness.

During the fourth century Donatism experienced rapid growth, not least among the Berber in Numidia, although by about the year 400 they were weakened by inner divisions. A decisive date in the struggle between Catholics and Donatists was the conference between the two contending parties at Carthage in 411. Each side was represented by no less than 280 bishops, disputing in the large Thermae ± or baths ± in Carthage, under the supposedly impartial presidency of Count Marcellinus, the Emperor's representative.

Various schools of thought soon competed for attention. Gnosticism was a complex religious movement with roots in the Old Testament and claiming 12 the beginnings to possess certain secret knowledge ± `gnosis'. Alexandria had these Gnostic systems. Collections of Gnostic manuscripts have been found in the socalled `Nag Hammadi' texts discovered in 1945 in an old fortress in the desert in Upper Egypt. A young priest named Arius, felt that he could lean on Origen for his own doctrine. In order to extol the person of the Father in the Trinity, to safeguard the unity of God, he made the position of the Word (Logos) ± the Son ± secondary and subordinate.

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A History of the Church in Africa by Bengt Sundkler

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