A Search for the Origins of Judaism: From Joshua to the by Etienne Nodet PDF

By Etienne Nodet

ISBN-10: 1850754454

ISBN-13: 9781850754459

Translated by way of J. Edward Crowley. This radical reconstruction of the origins of Judaism begins via watching that Josephus's resources at the early heritage of Israel don't accept as true with the Bible and that the oldest rabbinic traditions exhibit no signal of a biblical starting place. one other fascinating query is raised by means of the Samaritan declare, on the time of Antiochus Epiphanes, they had just recently bought the Sabbath from the Jews. From such info, Nodet creates a complete line of argument that unearths significant assets of Judaism, as symbolized within the subtitle of his paintings: Joshua used to be the one that validated in the community in writing a statute and a legislations on the Shechem meeting, whereas the Mishnah used to be the last word metamorphosis of traditions introduced from Babylon and mixed with Judaean influences.

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Bleeker and G. ), Historia Religionum (Leiden: Brill, 1969), pp. 225-317. 34. J. Macdonald, The Samaritan Chronicle No. II (or: Sepher ha-Yamim) From Joshua to Nebuchadnezzar (BZAW, 107; Berlin: Topelmann, 1969); cf. RJ. Coggins, Samaritans and Jews: The Origins of Samaritanism Reconsidered (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1975). 1. From Cyrus to the Mishnah 35 fickle: with their mixed origins, they called themselves Jews or Mesopotamians according to the demands of the moment. It still seems unnecessary, Widengren continues, to connect the split to a unique and definitive event, but to see it rather as a progressive distancing, a gradual development away from Judaism by small jolts, hardened finally into an insurmountable opposition in regard to the legitimate priesthood and the true sanctuary: Jerusalem versus Gerizim.

12-15, Antiochus granted the Hellenizing Jewish party (the 'renegades') the right to have pagan institutions, and then, in returning from a campaign in Egypt, looted the Temple. 'Two years later', Jerusalem was conquered by Judas the Mysarch, then completely transformed with the practice of the Law being forbidden by the king. This resulted in the persecution of those who rebelled and led to the holy war of Mattathias and his sons. According to 2 Mace. 7-20, after Antiochus had come to 1. From Cyrus to the Mishnah 43 power, Jason the brother of Onias III, paid a high price for the office of high priest, while promising to Hellenize Jerusalem.

III. De la conquete d'Alexandre a la destruction du Temple (331 AC-135 AD) (Paris: Cerf, 1985). 38 A Search for the Origins of Judaism above, and it is necessary to presuppose several parties. More importantly still, at the time when the newcomers brought something new, the texts emphasized the continuity of the cultic installations, the Davidic ancestry of Zerubbabel, the priestly character of Ezra, and so on. It would be risky to characterize this renewal as 'syncretism', but it is reasonable to see here, from the morphological point of view, a hybridization.

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A Search for the Origins of Judaism: From Joshua to the Mishnah by Etienne Nodet

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