By John Thornton
This ebook exhibits how very important the African position used to be in shaping the Atlantic international that built after the navigational breakthroughs of the 15th century. The measure of African initiative displayed during this interval is under pressure, either through African elites in facing the hot viewers and buying and selling companions and, even via African slaves within the New global. calmly divided into sections on Africa and Africans within the New global, this examine stresses cultural and institutional backgrounds to Africa and African slaves. even though the booklet is meant to assist Africanists know how Africans fared within the Americas, its major function is to offer readers acquainted with Afro-American heritage a fuller and extra dynamic imaginative and prescient of Africa, to allow them to see the African slave as an African and never simply as a laborer.
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Additional resources for Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400-1680
The Spanish did, of course, conquer (with considerable local help) the larger islands. But in some ways they simply forestalled their conquest by the militaristic inhabitants of the southern and eastern Caribbean. The Kulinago of the Lesser Antilles and the Carib and Arawak people of the mainland of Venezuela and the Guianas (often, though not always accurately, designated "Caribs" in Spanish documents)" 6 not only proved capable of resisting Spanish attempts to attack their homes but managed to raid the Spanish possessions of the Caribbean throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Several doc~ments of the fifteen th century also refer to water-powered saws, evidently fo r cuttrng the wood. 8 ' Ibid. , chap. 83, from circa 1446; similar observations can be fouhd in da Mosto "Mondo ' Novo," pp. 14-15. 8 ' Order of Infante Henrique, 6 July 1439, Monumenta Henrici11a, vol. 6. 8 J Zurara, Cr6nica, chap. 83. ~ Donation to D. Fernando, 29 October 1462, MMA• 1:423-4. 34 Africans in Africa Likewise, the earliest settlers of Sao Tome in 1485 had a charter that also specified duties for export of wild products expected for that tropical island.
9• Magalhaes-Godinho, Descobrimentos 1:282-6. 9' Da Mosto, "Mondo Novo" (ed. Gasparrini-Leporace), p. 17. , p. " 94 Magalhiies-Godinho, Descobrimentos 1:426-50. 8 86 The birth of an Atlantic world 35 they did serve as bases for ventures along the African coast (such as the Cape Verdes and Sao Tome) or for further Atlantic navigation (as the Azores would for the Brazil and India fleets). More than that, however, the prospect of finding uncharted and uninhabited islands in an Atlantic seemingly full of them encouraged sailors to look west into the Atlantic as well as south to Africa for their fortune.
Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400-1680 by John Thornton