By Joan A Price
Old thinkers supplied the principles of the philosophical strategy, interpreting the universe's objective, in addition to humankind's position inside it. This identify covers pre-Socratic, Classical, and Hellenistic philosophers and their theories, illuminating a number of the enduring solutions given concerning the nature of the area and those that reside in it.
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Extra resources for Ancient and Hellenistic Thought (Understanding Philosophy)
We have very little biographical data for Leucippus. Some scholars doubt that he ever existed, but Aristotle and others refute this notion. In fact, in his work entitled Of Generation and Corruption, Aristotle discussed many of Leucippus’s atomistic ideas. c. Democritus One of the most important atomists, Democritus (c. 460–c. ) lived in Abdera, a city in Thrace in northern Greece. He wrote as many as 52 books, of which over 200 fragments have been preserved. ” The atomists thought atoms could not be divided into smaller parts because if they were, nature would eventually dissolve and disappear.
Plato believed that scientists were the bridge builders between the two worlds— opinion and knowledge—because science forces us to think about the principles and laws behind physical objects. When geologists study Niagara Falls, they think about the water source and origin of the rock formations, not about a picture postcard of the falls. In the thinking stage, we think of the “idea human,” whether we see short, tall, dark, light, young, or old people. Thinking gives us more knowledge than belief or imaging because it takes us beyond the physical body to human characteristics, such as moral values.
Unhappiness results when we think that physical pleasures are more important than the soul. Immortality of the Soul Plato believed that the soul preexists before it enters the body and that it will continue to exist after the body dies. His dialogue Phaedo records a conversation that Socrates had with his friend Cebes and others on the day of his death. They discuss the immortality of the soul. Socrates: And now, . . if we are agreed that the immortal is imperishable, then the soul will be not immortal only, but also imperishable; otherwise we shall require another argument.
Ancient and Hellenistic Thought (Understanding Philosophy) by Joan A Price