By Cathy Cobb, Harold Goldwhite
Greater than the other technology, the heritage of chemistry is in detail associated with human historical past. Chemical expertise has fostered the improvement of civilizations, altered the process wars, generated the commercial revolution, and created the petroleum and plastics that gasoline and form our smooth international. during this attention-grabbing and demanding ebook Cathy Cobb and Harold Goldwhite, revered scientists and writers, have teamed as much as current a superbly wealthy tale of chemistry - celebrating not just theories and breakthroughs, however the provocative instances and personalities that formed this impressive technological know-how and taken it to existence.
By Richard Martin
A riveting examine how another resource of power is revoluntionising nuclear energy, promising a secure and fresh destiny for hundreds of thousands, and why thorium used to be sidelined on the peak of the chilly battle
In this groundbreaking account of an strength revolution within the making, award-winning technology author Richard Martin introduces us to thorium, a radioactive aspect and replacement nuclear gas that's a long way more secure, purifier, and extra considerable than uranium.
At the sunrise of the Atomic Age, thorium and uranium in shut pageant because the gasoline of the long run. Uranium, with its skill to endure fission and bring explosive fabric for atomic guns, gained out over its extra pacific sister point, relegating thorium to the dustbin of technological know-how.
Now, as we grapple with the perils of nuclear strength and rogue atomic guns, and mankind confronts the threat of international weather switch, thorium is re-emerging because the ignored power resource as a small team of activists and outsiders is operating, with assistance from Silicon Valley traders, to construct a thorium-power undefined.
In the 1st ebook mainstream ebook to take on those matters, Superfuel is a narrative of rediscovery of an extended misplaced know-how that has the ability to rework the world's destiny, and the tale of the pacifists, who have been sidelined in favour of atomic weapon hawks, yet who can wean us off our fossil-fuel dependancy and sidestep the chance of nuclear meltdown for ever.
By Jonathon Keats
The technological realm presents an strangely lively laboratory not just for brand spanking new principles and items but in addition for the extraordinary linguistic ideas that accompany and describe them. How else might phrases like qubit (a unit of quantum information), sock puppet (an illicit on-line trade identity), or in vitro meat (chicken and pork grown in a laboratory) input our language? In digital phrases: Language from the sting of technological know-how and expertise, Jonathon Keats, writer of stressed Magazine’s per thirty days Jargon Watch column, investigates the interaction among phrases and concepts in our fast moving tech-driven use-it-or-lose-it society. In forty five illuminating brief essays, Keats examines how such phrases get coined, what dating they must their material, and why a few, like web publication, prevail whereas others, like flog, fail. Divided into wide categories—such as euphemism, polemic, jargon, and slang, as well as clinical and technological neologisms—chapters each one contemplate one exemplary note, its definition, foundation, context, and value. Examples variety from cybrid (a human-animal hybrid embryo) and unparticle (a type of subject missing sure mass) to gene foundry (a laboratory the place microbes are equipped) and blackhawk (a combative helicopter parent). jointly those phrases offer not just a survey of technological invention and its results, but in addition a desirable glimpse of novel language because it comes into being. nobody is aware this rising lexical terrain greater than Jonathon Keats, and in writing that's as artistic and interesting because the language it describes, digital phrases deals unending delights for word-lovers, technophiles, and someone intrigued through the fundamental human obsession with naming.
By Christopher F. Baum
This paintings specializes in 3 different types of Stata programming: do-file programming, ado-file programming, and Mata capabilities that paintings along with do- and ado-files. It explains find out how to usefully automate paintings with Stata and the way to take advantage of Stata extra successfully via programming on a number of of those degrees. After featuring hassle-free techniques of the command-line interface and usual instruments for operating with courses and knowledge units, the textual content follows a special layout via supplying "cookbook" chapters after each one major bankruptcy. those cookbook chapters examine tips to practice a particular programming job with Stata and supply a whole method to the matter. The textual content additionally comprises a number of examples of Mata, Stata’s matrix programming language.
By Lawrence M. Krauss
Each atom in bodies was contained in the fiery center of a celebrity that exploded billions of years sooner than our sunlight process used to be shaped. just like the unique Homeric epic, the atom on the middle of this ebook makes its means throughout a very cosmic level. Exploding supernovas, sun winds, collapsing stars preceded the increase of lifestyles in the world and sooner or later may possibly foretell its finish. but the tale that Krauss tells is inextricably our tale. all through this surprising and huge paintings, he manages to stoke our ask yourself on the powers and not going occasions that conspired to create our sun approach, our eco-system and us.
By Niall Shanks
Animals and technology examines what technology has (and has no longer) taught us in regards to the nature of nonhuman animals and explores the ethical, non secular, social, and medical implications of these teachings. It exhibits how the medical examine of animals, specifically their cognitive talents, has reworked our figuring out of them. Animals and technological know-how lines our evolving figuring out of animal soreness and considers its ethical relevance to people. It discusses Darwin's belief-shattering concept that species adjustments should not absolute, then strains its effect to the current day.
By Ruth Colvin Clark; Richard E Mayer
By Ian Stewart
It really is one of many wonders of arithmetic that, for each challenge mathematicians clear up, one other awaits to perplex and impress them. a few of these difficulties are new, whereas others have wondered and bewitched thinkers around the a long time. Such demanding situations supply a tantalizing glimpse of the field’s limitless capability, and hold mathematicians taking a look towards the horizons of highbrow possibility.
In Visions of Infinity, celebrated mathematician Ian Stewart presents a desirable evaluate of the main ambitious difficulties mathematicians have vanquished, and those who vex them nonetheless. He explains why those difficulties exist, what drives mathematicians to resolve them, and why their efforts topic within the context of technology as a complete. The three-century attempt to turn out Fermat’s final theoremfirst posited in 1630, and at last solved by means of Andrew Wiles in 1995led to the production of algebraic quantity idea and intricate research. The Poincaré conjecture, which used to be cracked in 2002 through the eccentric genius Grigori Perelman, has develop into basic to mathematicians’ figuring out of three-d shapes. yet whereas mathematicians have made huge, immense advances in recent times, a few difficulties proceed to baffle us. certainly, the Riemann speculation, which Stewart refers to because the Holy Grail of natural mathematics,” and the P/NP challenge, which straddles arithmetic and laptop technological know-how, may well simply stay unproved for one more hundred years.
An approachable and illuminating historical past of arithmetic as advised via fourteen of its maximum difficulties, Visions of Infinity finds how mathematicians across the world are emerging to the demanding situations set by way of their predecessorsand how the enigmas of the prior unavoidably quit to the strong thoughts of the present.
By A. K. Haghi, G. E. Zaikov
This ebook provides the instruments of nanotechnology which can construct, photo, and manage nanostructures to construct fabrics and units. It bridges the space among exact technical guides which are past the grab of non-specialists and well known technological know-how books, that could be extra technological know-how fiction than truth. It offers a desirable, scientifically sound remedy, available to engineers and scientists outdoors the sector or even to scholars on the undergraduate point. This e-book concludes with a glance at a few state of the art purposes and prophecies for the longer term. It builds a fantastic history in characterisation and fabrication tools whereas integrating the physics, chemistry, and biology aspects. It makes a speciality of purposes and studying engineering facets of nanotube and nanofibre fabrics.
By Laurentiu Nastac, Baicheng Liu, Hasse Fredriksson, Jacques Lacaze, Chun-Pyo Hong, Adrian Catalina, Andreas Buhrig-Polaczek, Charles Monroe, Adrian Sabau, Roxana Elena Ligia Ruxanda, Alan Luo, Subhayu Sen, Attila Diószegi
The booklet includes the complaints of the honorary symposium “Advances within the technology and Engineering of Casting Solidification” (TMS2015, Orlando, Florida, March 15-19, 2015) held in honor of Professor Doru Michael Stefanescu, Emeritus Professor, Ohio kingdom collage and the collage of Alabama, united states. The publication encompasses the next 4 areas:
(1) Solidification processing: theoretical and experimental investigations of solidification strategies together with castings solidification, directional solidification of alloys, electromagnetic stirring, ultrasonic cavitation, mechanical vibration, energetic cooling and heating, powder bed-electron beam melting additive production, and so on. for processing of metals, polymers and composite materials;
(2) Microstructure Evolution: theoretical and experimental experiences with regards to microstructure evolution of fabrics together with prediction of solidification-related defects and particle pushing/engulfment aspects;
(3) Novel Casting and Molding Processes: modeling and experimental elements together with excessive strain die casting, everlasting casting, centrifugal casting, low strain casting, 3D silica sand mould printing, etc.; and
(4) Cast Iron: all features relating to forged iron characterization, computational and analytical modeling, and processing.